University of Reading Research Data Archive

Crop growth and aphid populations in winter wheat fields from across Europe

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Description

This is the dataset used for the paper ‘Enhancing soil organic matter as a route to the ecological intensification of European arable systems’ published in the journal Ecosystems. It contains data on aphid abundance, crop morphology and yield from 84 wheat fields across Europe including from the UK, Sweden, Poland, Germany and the Netherlands.

The dataset is made up of 3 parts. The first covers data for three aphid species provided as 'Aphid days per tiller' as a measure of pest pressure. Data on aphid numbers were collected on crop searches across experimental plots three times during the growing season.

The second contains data on crop morphology provided as tiller mass and ear mass as well as yield in tonnes per hectare. All were collected as sub-samples at harvest and oven-dried before weighing.

Thirdly data on a cage study is provided and involved inoculation and caging of sub-plots of crop with S. avenae aphids followed by population growth assessments after 5 days.

Experimental treatments in the study include nitrogen fertiliser application and low and high soil organic carbon. See manuscript for full experimental details.

Alternative title: Cereal aphid, crop morphology and yield data from 84 wheat fields from across 5 European countries
Resource Type: Dataset
Creators: Garratt, Michael, Bommarco, Riccardo, van Gils, Stijn, Martin, Emily, Redlich, Sarah, Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf, Switek, Stanislaw, Kleijn, David, Mortimer, Simon, van der Putten, Wim, Takacs, Victoria, Senapathi, Deepa, Potts, Simon
Rights-holders: University of Reading, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden, Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), Wageningen University and Research (WUR), University of Würzburg, Poznań University of Life Sciences
Data Publisher: University of Reading
Publication Date: 2018
Data last accessed: 20 October 2019
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17864/1947.136
Metadata Record URL: https://researchdata.reading.ac.uk/id/eprint/136
Organisational units: Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development
Participating Organisations: University of Reading, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden, Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), Wageningen University and Research (WUR), University of Würzburg, Poznań University of Life Sciences
Keywords: cereal aphids, wheat morphology, wheat yield, fertiliser, soil organic carbon
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